Enzyme-compatible dynamic nanoreactors from electrostatically bridged like-charged surfactants and polyelectrolytes

02/07/2018
  Photo of M. Thiele and M.D.Davari

Martin J. Thiele, Mehdi D. Davari, Isabell Hofmann, Melanie König, Carlos G. Lopez, Ljubica Vojcic, Walter Richtering, Ulrich Schwaneberg and Larisa A. Tsarkova, Angewandte Chemie, 2018, DOI: 10.1002/anie.201805021

 
 

In the present publication, a discovery of nanoreactors from electrostatically bridged like-charged surfactants and polyelectrolytes was reported. Incorporation of a protease into such dynamic nanoreactors results in a synergistically enhanced cleaning performance due to the improved solubilization accessibility for the protease through the interaction with the nanoreactors.

 
 

An unanticipated mechanism of attractive electrostatic interactions of fully neutralized polyacrylic acid with like-charged surfactants is reported. Amphiphilic polymer-surfactant complexes with high interfacial activity and a solubilization capacity exceeding that of conventional micelles are formed by bridging with Ca2+ ions. Incorporation of a non-specific protease into such dynamic nanoreactors results in a synergistically enhanced cleaning performance due to improved solubilization of poorly water-soluble immobilized proteins. Competitive interfacial and intermolecular interactions on different time- and length-scales have been resolved using colorimetric analysis, dynamic tensiometry, light scattering, and molecular dynamic simulations. The discovered bridging association mechanism suggests reengineering of surfactant/polymer/enzyme formulations of modern detergents and opens new opportunities in advancing labile delivery systems.

 
  Schematic presentation of the nanoreactor´s mode of action Bio VI

Image: Scheme of an unanticipated mechanism of attractive electrostatic interactions of fully neutralized polyacrylic acid (PAA) with like-charged surfactant SLES. Amphiphilic polymer-surfactant complexes with high interfacial activity and solubilization capacity are formed by bridging with Ca2+ ions. Incorporation of a protease into such dynamic nanoreactors results in an enhanced cleaning performance because of the improved solubilization of poorly water-soluble immobilized proteins.

 
 

This research was partially funded by Henkel AG & Co. KGaA, Düsseldorf, Germany, as part of the Henkel Innovation Campus for Advanced Sustainable Technologies (HICAST). Simulations were performed with computing resources granted by JARA-HPC from RWTH Aachen University under projects RWTH0116 and JARA0169. L.A.T. acknowledges financial support by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR) according to the research project No 18-53-76005.